Medical standards of care and clinical practice guidelines are established by a consensus of
health care professionals as diagnostic and therapeutic actions or behaviors that are
considered the most favorable in affecting the patient’s health outcome.


The Internet offers a wide variety of expert consensus and evidence-based standards and
guidelines, which provide insight, on a national level, to a broad scope of medical practice.  
Additionally, standards of care are established through, state and federal regulations,
institutional policy & procedures, expert witnesses and literature.


MEDICAL STANDARDS & GUIDELINES  

SEARCH-RESEARCH

ANESTHESIA

American Society of Anesthesiologists - practice guidelines, standards, & statements .pdf

Anesthesia Linx- anesthesia point of care

GASNet

Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation

Malignant Hyperthermia Association

Anesthesia Awareness - website

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway .pdf

Virtual Anaesthesia Textbook - Airway Management



CARDIOVASCULAR

American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association - clinical statements & guidelines

Cardiosource - American College of Cardiology  website to guidelines by topic

Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy: evidence-based guidelines - American College of Chest
Physicians

AHA/ASA Guidelines for Prevention of Stroke in Patients With Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack

European Society of Cardiology - guidelines

The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions - guidelines

Society for Vascular Ultrasound - position statements and guidelines

Atlas of Perioperative Echocardiography

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - clinical practice guidelines

The Internet Stroke Center - comprehensive professional  guidelines & consensus statements

National Stroke Association - professional guidelines

American Stroke Association - scientific statements



CARDIOTHORACIC

American College of Chest Physicians - clinical practice guidelines

American Thoracic Society - scientific statements and practice guidelines



CHIROPRACTIC

ChiroWeb - chiropractic care

Spine Universe



CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Society of Critical Care Medicine - guidelines & practice parameters

Neurotrauma Critical Care



DENTISTRY

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research - diseases & conditions

American Dental Association - evidence based dentistry, practice parameters

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry - clinical guidelines



DERMATOLOGY

Electronic Textbook of Dermatology

American Academy of Dermatology



EMERGENCY/TRAUMA

Association of Emergency Physicians - policy & position statements

American College of Emergency Physicians - clinical policies

Trauma Clinical Guidelines - Washington State department of health

Brain Trauma Foundation - Critical Care/Neurosurgical Practice Guidelines



ENDOCRINOLOGY

American Diabetes Association - clinical practice recommendations

The Endocrine Society - website

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists - medical guidelines for clinical practice

American College of Endocrinologists - clinical practice guidelines, position statements



EAR, NOSE & THROAT (ENT) (OTOLARYNGOLOGY)

American Academy of Otolaryngology  - head and neck surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - physician
resources

Martindale's "Virtual " medical center - otolaryngology



GASTROENTEROLOGY

American Gastroenterological Association - practice resource library

American College of Gastroenterology - clinical guidelines

Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)- clinical guidelines

The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract -  guidelines

American Association for the Study of Liver Disease - guidelines

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)- standards of practice



GENERAL GUIDELINES

Evidenced-Based Medical Resource Center - clinical practice guidelines, all specialties

University of California San Francisco Guidelines - primary care clinical practice guidelines

Family Practice Notebook - a family medicine resource -all specialties

American College of Physicians - clinical guidelines

American College of Physicians - Best DX/Best RX, point of care, clinical recommendations

National Guideline Clearinghouse - news, advisories, & clinical guidelines

ICSI (Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement)- best clinical practices, clinical guidelines

Ontario Guideline Advisory Committee - recommended clinical guidelines, all specialties

Family Practice Notebook - a family medicine resource, all subjects

E-Medicine - articles by specialty

American Osteopathic Medicine



GERONTOLOGY

The American Geriatrics Society - guidelines & position statements

Iowa Geriatric Education Center - resources for health professionals

Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing - clinical resources



HEALTH CARE ADMINISTRATION/RISK MANAGEMENT

American Hospital Association

Health and Human Services (HSS)  - regulations, policy

The Doctors Company - clinical practice risk reduction


HEMATOLOGY

American Society of Hematology - clinical guidelines

American Society of Clinical Oncology - practice guidelines



HOSPITAL MEDICINE

Society of Hospital Medicine - hospital intensivists/hospitalist quality improvement clinical tools

Hospital Medicine - Google book on-line



IMMUNOLOGY/INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology - guidelines

Infectious Disease Society of America -standards, practice guidelines, and statements



LABORATORY/BLOOD BANK MEDICINE

NACB: Laboratory Medicine Practice Guidelines

American Association of Blood Banks

American Red Cross - for hospital laboratory services  


LONG TERM CARE MEDICINE

American Medical Directors Association - clinical practice guidelines

American Health Care Association - clinical practice


NEPHROLOGY

National Kidney Foundation - clinical practice guidelines

National Kidney Foundation K/DOQI Guidelines - clinical practice guidelines

National Kidney and Urological Diseases Information Clearinghouse - website



NEUROLOGY

American Association of Neurological Surgeons - clinical practice guidelines

American Academy of Neurology - practice guidelines

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - brain & nervous system disorders

Society of Neurointerventional Surgery

NeuroWiki

Neurotrauma Critical Care

Congress of Neurological Surgeons

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (RSD/CRPS) - clinical guidelines



NURSE PRACTITIONER

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners - website, position statements

Standards for NP practice in retail based clinics



OBSTECTRICS/GYNOCOLOGY

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - website

Diseases of the Breast - guidelines, reviews, position statements, recommendations, standards

Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses - clinical resources

Brachial Plexus Palsy Foundation



ONCOLOGY

American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - clinical practice tools

Oncolink - understanding cancer types, symptoms, diagnosis & appropriate treatments

Cancer Control Planet - comprehensive cancer resources

National Comprehensive Cancer Network - clinical practice guidelines: detection and treatment

American Cancer Society Guidelines for Cancer Prevention and Early Detection -guidelines

American Society of Clinical Oncology - clinical guidelines

Journal of Clinical Oncology - American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guidelines



OPTHALMOLOGY

National Eye Institute - website

American Academy of Ophthalmology - website, eye care America




ORTHOPEDIC

Wheeless' Orthopaedics - Duke University orthopedic surgery online medical textbook

Spine Universe- back pain, pathology & treatment

North American Spine Society - clinical care

Spinal Cord Injury Information Network - website

Paralyzed Veterans of America - clinical guidelines



PAIN MEDICINE

American Academy of Pain Medicine - all clinical guidelines and resources under lock of membership

American Academy of Pain Management - website

American Pain Society - clinical practice guidelines

Pain & the Law - clinical guidelines

American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians - Guidelines, predominantly chronic spinal pain



PATHOLOGY

American Society for Clinical Pathology - website

College of American Pathologists - practice resources, laboratory standards

The Pathology Guy - if you can't find it on this site, it probably doesn't exist



PEDIATRICS/NEONATOLOGY

American Academy of Pediatrics - policies & clinical practice guidelines

North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition - guidelines, position
statement

Pediatrics on the Internet - pediatric health from A-Z

Neonatology - guidelines

Martindale's Virtual Medical Center - Neonatology



PHARMACOLOGY

GlobalRPh - clinicians reference site

American Society of Consultant Pharmacists -  practice resource

American Pharmacists Association - practice issues/resources

US Pharmacopeia - website



PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - clinical practice issues



PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT

American Academy of Physician Assistants - AMA guidelines for physician-physician assistant practice

American Academy of Physician Assistants  -
practice resource, clinical issues



PLASTIC SURGERY

American Society of Plastic Surgeons - guidelines & practice parameters



PODIATRIC MEDICINE

American Podiatric Medical Association - website



PREVENTATIVE HEALTH

CDC - expert panel recommendations

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - clinical recommendations

Community Preventive Services - community policy



PSYCHIATRY

American Psychiatric Association - practice guidelines

American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (AAPL) - website, forensic resources



PULMONARY

American Association of Respiratory Care - clinical practice guidelines  

American College of Chest Physicians - clinical practice guidelines

American Sleep Apnea Association - resources


RADIOLOGY

Society of Interventional Radiology - clinical practice guidelines

American College of Radiology - practice guidelines & technical standards



RHEUMATOLOGY

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases - health topics

American College of Rheumatology



SURGERY

Society of Neurointerventional Surgery

Congress of Neurological Surgeons

American Association of Neurological Surgeons - policy statements

The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract -  guidelines

Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)- clinical guidelines

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy -(ASGE)standards of practice

Ambulatory Surgery Center Association - patient care


TOXICOLOGY

Forensic Toxicology - WWW Virtual Library

American College of Medical Toxicology - position statements



TRAVEL MEDICINE

Aerospace Medical Association - Medical Guidelines for Airline travel/Airline passengers

Federal Aviation Administration - passenger health & safety

International Council of Cruise Lines - medical facilities

Health Care Guidelines for Cruise Ship Medical Facilities- American College of ER Physicians

Air Ambulance Association



UNLICENSED PROFESSIONALS

American Association of Medical Assistants



UROLOGY

American Urological Association - clinical guidelines




INSTITUTIONAL / GOVERNMENT STANDARDS & GUIDELINES  


National Library of Medicine - world's largest medical library

Center for Disease Control (CDC) - US government health information on disease, injury, & disability

Agency for Health Care Research and Quality - agency for health care research & quality

National Institute of Health - primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - clinical practice guidelines

Medline Plus - authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other    
government agencies and health-related organizations.

National Library of Medicine (NLM) Health Services/Technology Assessment

National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases  - health topics

Pain and the Law - clinical guidelines

Veterans Administration: Office of Quality & Performance -  VA clinical guidelines

Federal Drug Administration - US food & drug administration


JOINT COMMISSION

Joint Commission (formerly known as JCAHO) is considered the gold standard for quality and safety in
today's health care. Accreditation is the process by which a recognized organization assesses and
acknowledges that a health care organization meets applicable predetermined and published standards of
care. These standards are regarded as optimal and achievable, and are designed to encourage continuous
quality of care within accredited organizations. Accreditation is voluntary; however, accreditation by a
nationally recognized agency qualifies the health care organization in meeting the federal standards with the
Conditions of Participation in receiving Medicare and Medicaid payments. Joint Commission has been deemed
as meeting the federal Conditions of Participation for Medicare and Medicaid: therefore, organizations that
achieve Joint Commission certification are not subjected to Medicare survey.


Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health care Organizations (JCAHO) - setting the standards of care

JC National Patient Safety Goals
JC Sentinel Events - website
JC Sentinel Events - core measures
JC Standards





                                                                                     

NURSING STANDARDS & GUIDELINES


                                                       
 Vigilance: The Essence of Nursing



National Council of State Boards of Nursing - nursing boards of regulation

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners - publications, position statements

John Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing  - news, research, resources

American Association of Critical Care Nurses - clinical issues in advance practice

Association of Peri-Operative Registered Nurses - news, practice, policy

Emergency Nurses Association - position statements

Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses - clinical resources

American Association of Neuroscience Nurses - clinical practice guidelines

National Flight Nurses Association - position papers

National Association of Orthopedic Nurses - clinical practice

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists - scope & standards of practice

Wound, Ostomy & Continence Nurses Society - library, position statements

Online Journal of Issues in Nursing - current topics in nursing practice

NurseLinx - news, nursing articles all specialties

Nursing calculators - medication dosage, IV rates, etc.

Health Canada - clinical practice guidelines for nurses in primary care, excellent resource

National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel - gold standards in pressure ulcer prevention &
management

American Nephrology Nurses' Association - position statements

The Licensed Practical Nurse Workforce - practice, work, demand for, and/or efficient utilization of
the licensed practical nurse

Unlicensed Assistive Personnel - ANA  position statement on nursing assistants, technicians, etc.



PATIENT SAFETY  

Institute for Safe Medication Practices

National Quality Forum

Institute for Health care Improvement

FDA - Patient Safety News

Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation

AHRQ - Patient Safety Network

Agency of Health care Research and Quality

National VA Center for Patient Safety

National Patient Safety Group

The Leapfrog Group



SEARCH/RESEARCH   

Merck Medicus  - comprehensive medical resource

Medscape - comprehensive news, resource, medical education

Medical Board State Directories - research MD license, state medical board regulations

Amedco  - medical literature guide, journal - article subject search

Google Scholar - search for specific  scholarly literature or search by author

Medical Journals from around the World - free

Health Hippo - anything and everything related to health

Law Firm Directory - law firm directory and attorney search includes nurse consultants

eICD9.com  - medical procedure and diagnostic code reference

Pub Med - the ultimate database of biomedical references

E Medicine - up to date articles from MD authors in all medical specialties

Medical Abbreviations - understanding medical acronyms

Acronym Finder - comprehensive dictionary of acronyms, abbreviations

Factfind - US public records, State and County

HIPAA Guidelines -  Federal protection for the privacy of personal health information

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